Mythology and History of Skyros
In the rich Greek mythology, there is a lot of data referring to the island of Skyros.
On this island, Aegeus had his own lands that were ceded to his son Theseus who, as he was having political disputes with Menestheas in Athens, decided to go to Skyros.
The king of Skyros, Lykomidis, realised shortly that the population loved and admired Theseus and envied his glory and heroism for his descent to the underworld of Hades.
One day, Lykomidis led Theseus to the higher part of Castle in order to show him over his land and threw him down where Theseus had a tragic death. According to another aspect of the story, this event was an accident which took place in 1300 BC.
125 years later, Achilles, being aware of the oracle according to which he would be in danger if he went to the Trojan expedition, came in Skyros and stayed in the palace of Lykomidis dressed in women's clothes and being named as Pirra.
It is obvious that it is a synonymity; this person was an other Lykomidis of a more recent period of history who had nothing to do with the death of Theseus.
Achilles had intimate relations with princess Deedameia and fruit of their union was Pyrros who was known as Neoptolemos "the godlike" who, after the death of his father fought heroically in Troy.
In 475 BC, the Athenians occupied the island of Skyros; since then, the island was a part of the territory of the Ancient Athens, with brief ruptures of this domination.
Athenians who were entitled to a share settled in the island.
According to the existing information, the old population of the island (Dolopes and a few people from the pelasgic tribe) had a very bad fate: those who had not the time to leave the island were sold into slavery.
In 86 BC, the Roman domination begins and then it's the Byzantium.
In 960 AD, Nikiforos Fokas has the monastery of Saint George built. Later on, after 1204 AD, the Lords Gizi occupy the island; since then, the island is governed by the Venetians and the Franks, up to 1538 when the Turk Admiral of the fleet Hajrentin Barbarossa occupies the island. Skyros was under Turkish domination for about three centuries but there were neither Turkish settlers nor military forces on the island.
Skyros made many sacrifices for the fight of independence.
(Data from various sources)